Types of toe nail fungus – symptoms, causes and treatment

Types of toe nail fungus

Types of toe nail fungus – the first symptoms

Onychomycosis is not just an aesthetic-dermatological problem. It is an inflection in the body and in the nail bed due to fungi. There are many different types of toe nail fungus. The most common cause is dermatophytes and less frequently Candida and Deuromycetes.

In detail, the main causal factors by category are the following ones:

  • Dermatophyta. 97% of cases are due to trichophyton rubrum and trichophyton mentagroplytes.
  • Yeast. Most commonly Candida albicans.
  • Euro fungi. They are rarely a cause of primary fungal infections. Often, secondary nails are dystrophic. The most common Deuromycetes are aspergillus, acremonium, and fusarium.

The most important step of the treatment is to realize, as soon as possible, fungus growth. Thus, if you are wondering how a fungi starts its “life” on your toe nail, all you have to do is to check if you have one or more of these symptoms:

  • Soft nails
  • Discolored (white or yellow) nails
  • Fragile nails
  • Rough nails
  • Distorted nails
  • Dark (under the nail) nails
  • Bad smell emerges nails
  • Slightly lifted nails
  • Damaged and ready to drop nails

Types of toe nail fungus- The Causes and the Treatment

Onychomycosis is caused by a fungal infection. The most common are dermatophytes. It is more common in older people but can occur at any age. Adulthood is a major risk factor as blood circulation in the legs decreases and the immune system is weak and therefore prone to infections if the person walks barefoot in public places, such as the swimming pool, the gym, and the showers, if there is a history of skin disease with injuries and scars on the skin (e.g psoriasis) and finally, if there is a condition such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

The disease can start from one nail and spread to others. It is not easily transmitted from person to person, however, it is possible, especially if common items are used (towels, non-sterile manicure-pedicure tools).

Fungi need a specific environment to grow (wet and warm environment).

To find out how the fungi leave the nails, you should consult a specialist, as the treatment to be applied depends on the type of fungus and the severity of the condition. They are not easy to deal with. It can take months to fully heal and recurrence is not common.

Medications for nail fungi can either be in the form of pills or in an ointment applied to the nail. In some cases, the doctor will recommend a combination of these treatments.

The laser can also be applied in some cases for faster results. Nd: YAG laser is indicated for the treatment of onychomycosis. The beam at 1064nm has the ability to selectively act on the fungus without any side effects and to injure adjacent tissues.

Treatment is quick, painless and is recommended either in the early stages or in advance stages. The goal of the dermatologist is to use the laser to either get to the root of the fungus by neutralizing it or to create the conditions for better absorption of the drug locally.

Types of toe nail fungus- What should I do next?

So, if you just realized that some not-so-lovely fungi live on your nails, follow these steps, make your plan and live… fungi-free!

  • Step one: Don’ t panic!
  • Step two: Make an appointment with a dermatologist.
  • Step three: Until the day of the appointment arrives, follow some helpful tips:
    • Wash your hands and feet regularly, especially if they sweat a lot
    • Use a blade to smooth the surface and edges of your nails
    • Changing your socks often, especially during the summer months
    • Prefer cotton and shoes that allow the foot to “breathe”
    • Do not paint your nails manually and avoid artificial nails
  • Step four: Listen to your doctor’s instructions and do faithfully the treatment he suggests to you.


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